What is Rms illness – 2021
what is rms illness? Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a rare type of cancer that begins in soft tissues, especially skeletal muscle tissue, or hollow organs such as the bladder and uterus. RMS can occur at any age, but most often it affects children.
RMS can occur anywhere in the body, but it is more likely to occur in the following places:
1. Head and neck area
2. Urinary system such as the bladder
3. Reproductive system such as vagina, uterus, testis
4. Arms and legs
The two main types of RMS in children are:
1. Embryonal RMS:
This tumor usually develops in the head and neck, genitals, or urinary tract. It usually affects children under the age of six. Although this is an aggressive (rapid growing) type of tumor, most cases of embryonic RMS respond well to treatment.
2. Alveolar RMS:
This type is most likely to occur during teenage years and most often affects the arms, legs, chest, or abdomen. It’s also growing fast, but it’s often more difficult to treat. Most children with alveolar striated muscle require intensive treatment.
What Causes Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS)?
The cause of RMS is not clear, but doctors know that certain medical conditions can increase the likelihood that some children will develop RMS. These include the following genetic states:
- Li-Fraumeni syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that increases a person’s chances of developing cancer at some point in their lives.
- Neurofibromatosis, a condition in which a tumor grows on nerve tissue
- Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome, a congenital (presence at birth) disorder that can cause overgrowth in the body, including internal organs
- Costello Syndrome and Noonan Syndrome, both can cause malformations, developmental delay, and other problems
The prognosis and treatment decisions depend on the type of rhabdomyosarcoma, its location, the size of the tumor, and whether the cancer has spread. Treatment is usually a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
Significant advances in the treatment of rhabdomyosarcoma have significantly improved outcomes. After treatment is complete, people need to monitor the potential late effects of intensive chemotherapy and radiation therapy for life.
Signs and symptoms of rhabdomyosarcoma vary depending on the location of the cancer.
For example, if the cancer is in the head and neck, the signs and symptoms include:
- Swelling and swelling of the eyes
- Bleeding in the nose, throat, or ears
If the cancer is in the urinary or reproductive system, symptoms and symptoms may include, among other things:
- Urination and hematuria problems
- Difficulty in defecation
- Vaginal or rectal mass or bleeding
If the cancer is in the arms or legs, the signs and symptoms may include, among other things:
- Swelling and lumps in the arms and legs
- Pain in the affected area, sometimes painless